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B. D. Jackson

revised by P. E. Kell

Abel, Clarke (1789–1826), naturalist and surgeon, was born on 5 September 1789, the son of Matthias Abel. After schooling at Merchant Taylors', he was educated for the medical profession and served as a surgeon in Norwich. He is sometimes styled MD but it is not clear if he qualified as such. He accompanied ...

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Adams, Andrew Leith (1827–1882), army surgeon and naturalist, born on 21 March 1827, was the son of Francis Adams (1796–1861), surgeon, and his wife, Elspeth Shaw (d. 1845). Appointed army surgeon in 1848, Adams joined the 22nd (Cheshire) regiment and was posted to ...

Article

Adelstein, Abraham Manie [Abe] (1916–1992), occupational physician and medical statistician, was born on 28 March 1916 at Trichard, eastern Transvaal, South Africa, the fourth of five children (four boys and one girl) of Nathan Adelstein, miller in Trichard, and Rosie Cohen, both Jewish immigrants from ...

Article

Alston, Charles (1685–1760), physician and botanist, was born on 24 October 1685 at Eddlewood, in the parish of Hamilton, Lanarkshire, the third son of Thomas Alston (d. 1703), a physician of Thrinacre Milne and Eddlewood. According to family tradition his paternal ancestors came from ...

Article

Anderson, Tempest (1846–1913), ophthalmic surgeon and vulcanologist, was born on 7 December 1846 at 17 Stonegate, York, the elder son and eldest of the three children of William Charles Anderson, surgeon of York, and his wife, Sarah Ellen Hall. Educated at St Peter's School, York...

Article

Anderson, William (c. 1748–1778), surgeon and naturalist, was born in Scotland, probably in the area of North Berwick, Haddingtonshire. Nothing is known of his immediate family other than the existence of two sisters, Beth and Rabinah. He was educated at Edinburgh University, enrolling as an anatomy student for the year 1762–3. At his examination for the navy on 1 December 1768 he qualified as surgeon's first mate and on 1 November 1770 he was advanced to surgeon of a first-rate ship, subsequently serving in the ...

Article

Anthony, Francis (1550–1623), alchemist and physician, was born on 16 April 1550, probably in London, the eldest son of Derrick Anthony (c.1522–1599), goldsmith, and his first wife, Elizabeth Erley (d. c.1558), daughter of Richard Erley or Ellerick of Lincolnshire...

Article

G. T. Bettany

revised by Richard Drayton

Arnold, Joseph (1782–1818), naturalist and surgeon, was born on 28 December 1782 at Beccles, Suffolk, the fourth son of Edward Arnold, a tanner, and his wife, Hannah. He was apprenticed there to Dr Willing Crowfoot, surgeon and apothecary, and attended Edinburgh University from 1803, graduating MD in 1807. His interest in natural history led to communications to the ...

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Askonas, Brigitte Alice [Ita] (1923–2013), immunologist and biochemist, was born on 1 April 1923 in Vienna, the second child and only daughter of Czech parents who were Jewish converts to Catholicism, Carl Frederick (later Charles Frederick) Askonas (1893–1946) and his wife, Rose, née...

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Brigitte Alice Askonas (1923–2013) by unknown photographer, 1970s ? reserved; National Institute of Medical Research

Article

Atherstone, William Guybon (1814–1898), medical practitioner, botanist, and geologist, was born on 27 May 1814 at Zion Hill, Nottingham, the eldest of eight children of John Atherstone (1791–1855), physician and surgeon, and his first wife, Elizabeth (1781/2–1838), daughter of William Damant of Lamas...

Article

J. F. Payne

revised by John C. Thackray

Babington, William (1756–1833), physician and mineralogist, the son of a clergyman, was born on 21 May 1756 at Portglenone, near Coleraine, co. Antrim, Ireland. After being apprenticed to a practitioner at Londonderry, he completed his medical education at Guy's Hospital, London, but did not take a medical degree. In 1777 he was made assistant surgeon to the ...

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Bainbridge, John (1582–1643), astronomer and physician, was born in Ashby-de-la-Zouch, Leicestershire, the son of Robert Bainbridge and his wife, Anne, daughter of Richard Everard. He was educated first at the grammar school there, and then at Emmanuel College, Cambridge, where he was admitted as a pensioner in the Lent term, 1600. His tutor is said to have been a distant relative, ...

Article

R. E. Thompson

revised by Peter Osborne

Baird, William (1803–1872), zoologist and physician, was born at Eccles, Berwickshire, on 8 January 1803, a younger son of the Revd James Baird (d. 1814), then minister of Eccles, and his wife, Sarah. His older brother was the evangelical preacher John Baird (1799–1861)...

Article

Balfour, Edward Green (1813–1889), surgeon and naturalist, was born on 6 September 1813 in Montrose, the second son of Captain George Balfour of the East India Company marine service, and Susan Hume, a sister of Joseph Hume MP. After studying at the Montrose Academy...

Article

Barry, Martin (1802–1855), microscopist and embryologist, was born on 28 March 1802 at Fratton, Hampshire, one of three or more children whose father had a mercantile concern in Nova Scotia, with ships trading along the coast and with the West Indies. Barry received a liberal education and, following his father's death, which left him with independent means, he spent some time with a relative in the ...

Article

Baskerville, Thomas (1812–1840), surgeon and writer on botany, was born on 26 April 1812, and served a four-year medical apprenticeship to Mr Soulby, of Ash near Sandwich in Kent. From 1 December 1829 to 9 April 1834 he seems to have attended University College, London...

Article

Bate, Charles Spence (1819–1889), dental surgeon and zoologist, was born on 16 March 1819 at Trenick House, in the parish of St Clement near Truro, Cornwall, the eldest son of Charles Bate (1789–1872), a Truro dentist, and his wife, Harriet Spence (1788–1879). After his education at ...

Article

[Anon.]

revised by Claire E. J. Herrick

Batt, William (1744–1812), physician and chemist, was born at Collingbourne, Wiltshire, on 18 June 1744, and is said to have been a student at Oxford University. He then studied medicine in London, after which he went to Montpellier, where he took his MD in 1770. In 1771 he continued his studies at ...

Article

Battley, Richard (bap. 1772, d. 1856), apothecary and manufacturing chemist, was baptized on 26 September 1772 at Wakefield, Yorkshire, the second son of John Battley, an architect of local repute, and his wife, Ruth Gledhill. After attending Wakefield grammar school, he was privately trained for medicine by a doctor in the town. He then moved to ...