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?lfgar, earl of Mercia (d. 1062?), magnate, was the son of Leofric, earl of Mercia, and Godgifu (Godiva). He married, perhaps in the late 1020s, ?lfgifu, probably a kinswoman of Cnut's first wife, ?lfgifu of Northampton. Her known lands lay in the east midlands and ...

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Ann Williams

?lfhere (d. 983), magnate, was the son of Ealhhelm, ealdorman of central Mercia (what is now Worcestershire and Gloucestershire) from 940 to 951. ?lfhere and his brothers are greeted as kinsmen by successive kings, though the degree of relationship is unknown. They were particularly close to ...

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Ann Williams

?lfric (d. 1016), magnate, must be distinguished from his contemporary ?lfric Cild [see under ?lfhere (d. 983)], who was ealdorman of Mercia from 983 to 985. In 982 he succeeded Ealdorman ?thelm?r (977–82) in a command which included Hampshire (AS chart....

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See ?lfhere

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?lfstan of Boscombe (fl. 1043–1065), nobleman, is identified by Domesday Book as a substantial landholder, with an estate of some 237 hides of land, scattered over eight shires, making him the fifth richest of the recorded pre-conquest thegns below the rank of earl. Most of this land was probably his inheritance, but the charter whereby ...

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See kings of the Hwicce

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?thelstan [Ethelstan, ?thelstan Half-King] (fl. 932–956), magnate, was the second of four sons of Ealdorman ?thelfrith, who ruled the southern and eastern territories of Mercia. ?thelfrith was descended from the West Saxon royal family and held extensive estates in Somerset and Devon. His wife, ...

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?thelweard [Ethelwerd] (d. 998?), chronicler and magnate, was ealdorman of south-western England. He styled himself 'Patricius Consul Fabius Quaestor', a latinization of '?thel-/ealdorman/Fabius/-weard'. He was the father of ?thelm?r, grandfather of one ?thelweard and grandfather-in-law of another: all also ealdormen, and two of the same south-western ealdormanry as ...

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?thelwine [Ethelwine, ?thelwine Dei Amicus] (d. 992), magnate and founder of Ramsey Abbey, Huntingdonshire, was the fourth and youngest son of ?thelstan, known as the Half-King (932–956), and his wife, ?lfwyn (d. 986). He was a few years older than the atheling ...

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Alan, lord of Galloway (b. before 1199, d. 1234), magnate, was the eldest son of Roland, lord of Galloway (d. 1200), and Helen de Morville (d. 1217), sister and heir of William de Morville, lord of Lauderdale and Cunningham and royal constable. He had two brothers and two sisters, of whom ...

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K. S. B. Keats-Rohan

Alan Rufus (d. 1093), magnate, was the second of at least seven legitimate sons of Count Eudo, regent of Brittany from 1040 to 1047, and Orguen, or Agnes, his Angevin wife. Alan was called Rufus (‘the Red’) to distinguish him from a younger brother, ...

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Alice [married name Alice de Lusignan], suo jure countess of Eu (d. 1246), magnate, was the daughter of Henri, count of Eu and lord of Hastings, and Matilda, the daughter of Hamelin (de Warenne), earl of Surrey, and Countess Isabel de Warenne...

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See Breteuil, Robert de, fourth earl of Leicester

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Anne of Woodstock, countess of Stafford (c. 1382–1438), noblewoman, was the daughter and eventual coheir of Thomas of Woodstock, duke of Gloucester (d. 1397), and his wife, Eleanor de Bohun. From the outset, her wealth and lineage made her a valuable commodity in the marriage market. She was not yet ten when, in June 1391, her wedding to ...

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See Holland, Henry, second duke of Exeter

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Annesley, James (1715–1760), peerage claimant, was born at Dunmain, co. Wexford, the son of Arthur Annesley, fourth Baron Altham (1688/9–1727); the identity of his mother is disputed. According to Annesley's account, his mother was Lord Altham's second wife, Mary Sheffield (d. 1729)...

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Arundell, Blanche [née Lady Blanche Somerset], Lady Arundell of Wardour (1583/4–1649), royalist noblewoman, was the sixth daughter of Edward Somerset, fourth earl of Worcester (c. 1550–1628), and his wife, Lady Elizabeth Hastings (d. 1621), daughter of Francis Hastings, second earl of Huntingdon...

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Asgar the Staller (d. after 1066), nobleman, was, according to the figures given in Domesday Book, the second-richest thegn in pre-conquest England below the rank of earl. His estate of over 300 hides of land was scattered over nine shires, the greatest concentration (some ...

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Aubigné, William d' [William de Albini] (d. 1236), magnate, was the eldest son and heir of William d'Aubigné (d. 1167/8), lord of Belvoir, and his wife, Matilda (or Maud) de Senlis, daughter of Robert de Clare and a close kinswoman of the ...

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Aubigny, Philip d' [Philip Daubeney] (d. 1236), knight and royal councillor, was a member of a junior branch of the family of d'Aubigny, native to St Aubin-d'Aubigné (Ille-et-Vilaine), north of Rennes in Brittany, whose senior branch had acquired the English honour of Belvoir...